The Indians of North Florida

Subtitle

Sumter Band of Cheraw Roots of the Florida families

Sumter’s Turks

The Benenhaley, Buckner, Deas, Exum, Hood, Jolly, Oxendine, Pitts, Ray, and Scott families of Dalzell, South Carolina

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compiled by S. Pony Hill

 

 

 

 

 

 

Special honors to Claudia Benenhaley Gainey, Mandy Oxendine Chapman, Ralph J Oxendine, and Carrie L Scott Ardis, who worked tirelessly to extract these historical records.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

HISTORY TIMELINE:

 

1776………………..James Scott and David Scott enlist with North Carolina Continental Line.

 

1778………………..James Scott and David Scott arrive in High Hills of Santee for military training.

                                  David Scott is transferred to the 5th South Carolina Regiment commanded by Colonel

                                  Huger. James Scott is transferred to the South Carolina Militia commanded by Brigadier

                                  General Pickens.

 

1779………………..Colonial Map of South Carolina records an “Indian Town” in the High Hills of Santee.

 

1780………………..James Scott and David Scott participate in the relief of American forces during the

                                  Siege of Charleston.

 

1781………………..James Scott is wounded during the Battle of Eutaw Springs. James Scott and

                                  David Scott are both discharged from military service this year.

 

1790 census………..Aaron Oxendine, Wiley Deas, and James Scott recorded as living along Drowning

                                  Creek in Robeson County, North Carolina, an area formerly identified as the

                                  “Charraw Settlement”.

 

1794……………….On the 3rd of February a plat of 2,560 acres is surveyed in the High Hills of Santee,

                                 “near Lynches Creek and Flat Creek”, and gifted by the South Carolina Legislature

                                 to General Thomas Sumter for his service to the State during the Revolutionary War.

 

1800 census……….Aaron Oxendine and Wiley Deas residing in Robeson County, NC, recorded

                                 as heads of households of “other free persons.”

                                 James Scott and David Scott living on land of General Sumter recorded as

                                 “other free persons” listed under household of General Thomas Sumter.

                                 Joseph Benenhaley living in Charleston, SC, employed as a wheelwright.

 

1805………………Plat for 70 acres “surveyed by Adam McWillie” is deeded from General Sumter to

                                his son, Colonel Thomas Sumter, excepting “that parcel where Scott lives”.

 

1808………………Aaron Oxendine inherits land in Robeson County, NC, from the will of his father,

                                Charles Oxendine Sr.

 

1809………………Plat for 24 acres “surveyed by Hastin Jennings” is deeded from General Sumter

                                to James Scott.

 

1810 census………Aaron Oxendine, James Scott, and David Scott recorded as heads of households

                                of “other free persons” residing on James Scott’s land in Sumter County employed

                                at farming.

                                Joseph Benenhaley recorded as head of household of “other free persons” residing

                                On General Thomas Sumter’s land in Sumter County employed in “manufacturing”

                                (as wheelwright for General Sumter’s manufacturing company).

 

1815………………Joseph Benenhaley deeded 33 acres by General Sumter.

 

1820 census………Aaron Oxendine, James Scott, and David Scott recorded as residing on James Scott’s

                                land in Sumter County as heads of households of “free persons of color”.

                                Joseph Benenhaley recorded as residing on his own land in Sumter County as head of

                                household of “free white persons”.

 

1821………………Aaron Oxendine sells his inherited Robeson County, NC, land to his brothers,

                                Charles Oxendine Jr and Jesse Oxendine.

 

1821……………...Colonel Thomas Sumter returns from Brazil where he had been serving as United States

                               Consul. General Sumter gives his son the house he had long resided in and moves to a

                               high hill called “Sumter’s Mount”. The General lives there by himself, except for his

                               servants, until his death on June 1st, 1832.

 

1826……………..James Scott dies.

 

1829……………..Joseph Benenhaley Sr dies.

 

1830 census……..Aaron Oxendine, Wiley Deas, and Elizabeth Benenhaley (widow of Joseph) recorded as

                               residing in Sumter County as heads of households of “free persons of color”.

                               David Scott recorded as residing in Kershaw County as head of household

                               of “free persons of color”.

 

1830……………..In November of 1830 a petition was submitted to the South Carolina Legislature from

                              “Inhabitants of Sumter District, Petition Requesting a release for the descendants of

                              David Scott from the tax placed on Free Blacks in view of David’s military service in

                              the American Revolution.”

 

1830…………….In December of 1830 the South Carolina Legislature released a committee report entitled:

                             “Committee of Ways & Means: Report on the Petition of David Scott & Sundry Citizens

                             of Sumpter Dist asking that the Descendants of David Scott may be exempted from paying

                             the tax on Free Persons of Color.”

 

1832……………..General Thomas Sumter dies.

 

1840 census……..Aaron Oxendine, David Scott, Elizabeth Benenhaley (widow of Joseph),

                              Lysender “Lon” Benenhaley (son of Joseph), and Joseph Benenhaley Jr

                              (son of Joseph) recorded as residing in Sumter County as heads of households

                              of “free persons of color”.

 

1840……………..Colonel Thomas Sumter (son of General Sumter) dies. His widow dies in 1841.

 

1850 census……..Martha Scott, Jane Oxendine, Elizabeth Oxendine, Washington Oxendine, Francis

                              Benenhaley, Joseph Benenhaley Jr, Catherine Scott, James Ray, Jane Oxendine,

                              Henry Scott, Wiley Deas, Richard Oxendine, Jane Oxendine recorded as residing in

                              Sumter County as heads of households of “Mulatto” families.

 

1858……………..Sumter District tax collector and Sumter legislative representative submit

                              “Resolution Imposing Capitation Tax on Egyptians and Indians as now on

                               Free Blacks, Mulattoes, and Mestizoes.”

 

1861-64………….Charles Oxendine (youngest son of Aaron Oxendine and Jane Scott) taxed as

                              “Indian” in Sumter tax district.

 

1861……………..Sumter Court affidavit of John Pollard, aged 73 years, states that James Scott was a

                              “…Revolutionary soldier who came into this county from Virginia when I was

                              very young.” Pollard describes that James Scott’s wife, Charity was “mixed with

                              Indian”, that their daughter, Jane Scott had married Aaron Oxendine, and that “the

                              general striking physiognomial traits of appearance of the Scott family in general,

                              and relatives, is deeply set with European and Indian blood.”

 

1861…………….Sumter Court affidavit of Mary Nickles: “She has known Margaret & Isham Scott The

                             parents of John N Scott and Fleming T Scott for a length of time and that Margaret Scott

                             was a White woman and always had the Character of being White and that Isham Scott’s

                             ancestors was of Egyptian and Indian blood.”

 

1862……………..Calhoun County, Florida Court case of State V. Francis Hill. Testimony of Thomas

                              Strickland: “knew Isham Scott and Margaret parents of Eliza in Sumter South Carolina.

                              Isham was a man of large amount Indian blood. Margaret was an Oxendine woman of

                              clean complexion nearly white the Indian still apparent. The grandfather, one Jacob, was

                              said to be a Chief among the Catawba Indians. The Scott family, in general, are regarded

                              as free of negro blood.” Testimony of Francis Hill: “Only briefly met Isham and Margaret

                              Scott the parents of Eliza. Isham appeared to be mostly Indian. Margaret appeared to be

                              mostly white. Neither appeared to have negro blood or considered Mulatto.”

 

1870……………..F. Kinloch Bull, in his memoir entitled “Random Recollections of a long Life”

                              writes that his father came to Sumter County in 1870 and met John W Buckner

                              whom Bull considered to be “…almost pure Indian.”

 

1870’s……………series of letters written by Matilda Ellison (wife of Lawrence Benenhaley) states

                               that Joseph Benenhaley Sr was an “Ottoman”, had learned the craft of wheelwright in

                               the West Indies before coming to Charleston, had worked as a manufacturer for General

                               Sumter, and that Lawrence had learned the craft of wheelwright from his father.

 

1889……………..Responding to an inquiry from McDonald Furman regarding the origin of the “Turks”,

                              Sebastian D’Amblemont Sumter (son of Colonel Thomas Sumter, grandson of the General)

                              wrote of Joseph Benenhaley “As to the original Benenhaley, I know nothing having seen

                              him only once or twice in my early boyhood nearly sixty years ago. I am very certain that

                              General Sumter had no hand in his importation and do not think that he made his

                              appearance here until after the first decade of the present century.” (i.e. Joseph Benenhaley

                                     did not arrive in Sumter until around 1810).

                                    (Sebastian D Sumter, born 1821 was only eleven years old when his grandfather, General Sumter, died,

                                     and he would have been less than ten years old when Joseph Benenhaley and James Scott died.)

 

1889……………...Letter from K.E.L. Peebles to McDonald Furman: “All I know of the Scotts of this

                               township is that of Dave Scott, some 60 years ago, the progenitor of the Scotts here,

                               was living and subsequently died in Kershaw County – he living on a portion of that

                               vast domain granted by the State of South Carolina to Gen Sumter for Revolutionary

                               services. Dave Scott was quite old when I knew him and he was said to be one of Gen

                               Sumter’s soldiers of the Revolution and had been brought down or induced to come

                               down from North Carolina to settle upon his land. As to the other families of Red Bones

                               I have never heard anything said concerning them but I presume they came down under

                               the same circumstances that Dave Scott did and they all settled on Gen Sumter’s land.”

 

1890……………..Hamilton McMillon writes letter to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs regarding

                              the Indian families of Robeson County, NC, and mentions that “At one time the [Robeson

                              Indians] were known as ‘Redbones.’ And there is a street in Fayettville so called because

                              some of them once lived on it. They are known by this name in Sumter County, SC,

                              where they are quiet and peaceable, and have a church of their own. They are proud and

                              high spirited, and caste is strong among them.”

 

1894……………..McDonald Furman, a Sumter historian, writes numerous letters and articles regarding

                              the Oxendines and others of Sumter, which he states are called “Red Bones.” Furman

                              states “…their features and color as a race show unmistakable evidence of White or

                              Indian blood, or both.”

 

1904……………..Long Branch Baptist Church established by 44 members of the Benenhaley, Buckner,

                              Hood, Oxendine, and Ray family members. The land on which the church is built is

                              donated by Herbert Ray Sr, son of John Ray and Jane Oxendine.

 

1908…………….Majority of Chavis/Gibbs/Goins/Smiling/Sweat families of Privateer move to Robeson

                             County, NC. Local Sumter whites gradually stop using the term “Red Bones” in favor

                             of the slur “Turks”.

 

1914…………….Secretary of the Interior releases a report entitled “A Report on the Condition and Tribal

                             Rights of the Indians of Robeson and Adjoining Counties.” The report includes that

                             “…a branch of the Indians is located in Sumter, South Carolina”, and that at one time

                             the Robeson Indians “…were known as Red Bones…they are known by this name in

                             Sumter County, South Carolina.”

 

1914…………….Thomas Sebastian Sumter (born 1852, son of Sebastian D’Amblemont Sumter mentioned above,

                                   great-grandson of General Sumter) wrote in an article appearing in the Sumter Herald, “I was

                             born and raised at the ‘Home House’, near where the Benenhaleys and Scotts and their

                             families lived. They got to be called ‘Turks’ by the country people. I got to knowing them

                             by name during the War and since the War of Secession and just before the War. The

                             Benenhaleys and Scotts are now prosperous farmers, and all good citizens, as their

                            ancestors have always been. They have their own schoolhouse, their own church.

                            Tom Benenhaley, who is now living and drawing his Confederate pension, they

                            furnished at least six soldiers to the Confederate Army…I got some information myself,

                            as a boy, from old Sallie Scott…and also from Benenhaley’s wife, but they were so old

                            and feeble that it was all disconnected and incoherent. I could not get much information

                            of the past… I know that if they ever wanted advice or anything they would come to my

                            father (Sebastian D’Amblemont Sumter) or uncles or some of the family as their ancestors did

                            to my ancestors and as they have done with me in regard to the present war of the

                            United States (i.e. World War One).” (Interesting to note that T S Sumter’s father claimed to have almost

                                  no information regarding the origins of the ‘Turks’, and T S Sumter himself admits to not having much

                                  information at all regarding their origins here in 1914, yet by the time he publishes his book “Some Old

                                  Stateburg Homes” in 1934 he has become an expert on the details of the ‘Turk’ origins. Unfortunately

                                  every single article or publication regarding the origins of the ‘Turks’ published since 1935 have used

                                  T S Sumter’s horribly flawed history as their primary source.)

 

1917…………….Roy Oxendine, Samuel Scott, Jesse Scott, Jimmie Scott, and George Scott enlisted as

                             “Indian” in World War One. Other members of the Benenhaley, Oxendine, Buckner,

                             Hood and Ray families are enlisted as either “Turk” or “Mongolian”.

 

1920……………. Thomas Sebastian Sumter (born 1852, son of Sebastian D’Amblemont Sumter mentioned above,

                                   great-grandson of General Sumter) wrote in an article appearing in the Sumter Herald regarding

                             James Scott, a.k.a. “the bugler”, “…for years he was bugler for the Claremont Troop

                             commanded by Colonel Thomas Sumter, only son of General Sumter, and at their muster

                             parades he acted in that capacity. The late Colonel James Blanding and others remembered

                             seeing him, an old man, in that capacity.” (By the time he wrote Some Old Stateburg Homes” in

                                   1934, TS Sumter would change this account to state that James Scott had been a scout and bugler for

                                   General Sumter, neither of which is accurate.)

 

1928…………….Article from The State newspaper entitled “Sumter County Colony Locally Called Turks”:

                             “…the oldest living member of the tribe, Mary Ann Benenhaley Oxendine, 85, daughter of

                             Joseph Benenhaley the second, and granddaughter of the first Joseph, has blue eyes, dark

                             skin, and straight white hair. She says her grandmother, wife of the first Joseph, was a white

                             woman named Miller, and her own mother was a Scott, daughter of the Scott who was bugler.

                             She married a man named Oxendine (Charles Oxendine, son of Aaron Oxendine and Jane Scott), her

                             first cousin, whose mother was also a Scott. Oxendine’s father, she says, came from

                             North Carolina.”

 

1939…………….Letters between Sumter School Superintendent, a Florida School Superintendent, and

                             the Dean of the Indian Normal School in Robeson County, NC, mentions that “the names

                             of Scott and Goings are known to him and they are generally believed in that county to be

                             of Indian blood.” Letters also mention that “…a school was maintained for the Indian race

                             in that county,” and specifically mention a “…Mr. Benenholy, an old Indian of that county.”

 

1949…………….Article entitled “Turks Seeking Educational Opportunities for Children” states that

                             “…many of them look like American Indians,” and “…Professor Henry H. Turney-Hugh,

                             an anthropologist on the faculty of the University of South Carolina, says that there is a

                             strong similarity between the purer strain of Turks and a number of American Indian types.”

 

1950…………….”Turks of Sumter” file suit in Federal District Court requesting their children be allowed

                             to attend the white Hillcrest High School after graduating from the Dalzell grade school.

                             The Sumter School District contested the case, claiming that certain bloodline of the Turks

                             “…bore the disability of a negro ancestor.” The plaintiffs claimed that the Oxendine

                             bloodline was exclusively Native American, and this was stipulated by the defendants.

                             The “Turks” adequately proved that they had no known negro ancestry and the Court ruled

                             that the “Turk” children were to be thereafter admitted to any white schools in the State.

 

1956…………….Indians of Robeson County, NC (which included many Oxendines, Deas, and Scotts as well as the

                                   Chavis/Gibbs/Goins/Smiling/Sweat descendants who had moved from Sumter) are recognized by the

                             United States government as an federally recognized tribe. Their official title is the

                             “Cheraw Tribe of the Lumber River.”

 

1961…………….The Dalzell “Special School” closes.

 

1963…………….Noted ethnologist Brewton Berry publishes the book “Almost White”. He writes,

                             “Near Sumter, South Carolina, there is a community of some three hundred brown-skinned

                             people known locally as “Turks”…They have been there nearly two hundred years…In

                             1780 General Thomas Sumter was scouring the colony in search of recruits. He came upon

                             a community of mestizos (i.e. White and Indian mixed) and persuaded a few to join him…In

                             any case, a colony of brown people flourished in the hilly country around Statesburg in the

                             eighteenth century. They were joined by others. A man by the name of Oxendine, of the

                             Lumbees, came down from North Carolina, took himself a wife, and planted the surname

                             which is still common among the Turks. And the family name Chavis, which is found in

                             many mestizo groups, was doubtless introduced in similar manner.”

 

1975…………….Report to the Smithsonian Institution: “Julius Benenhaley, about 80 years old…long

                             thought of by the white neighbors as the head man, or King, of the Turks…stated

                             he ‘knew nothing of Turkish ancestry’ yet explained ‘we probably have Indian blood’.”

 

 Analysis of Pre-1850 “Turk” Family Structure by Census Data

 
   The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution, which states: "Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States ... according to their respective Numbers ... . The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years." The principal purpose of the census is to divide the house seats by population, though early on federal officials realized the value of having approximate taxation values. Throughout the years, the country's needs and interests became more complex. This meant that statistics were needed to help people understand what was happening and have a basis for planning. The content of the decennial census changed accordingly.
 
    The first nine censuses (1790–1870) were not managed by the Executive branch, but by the Judicial branch. The United States federal court districts assigned U.S. marshals, who hired assistant marshals to conduct the actual enumeration. The authorization act for the third census of 1810 stipulated that an assistant marshal must actually visit each household or the head of each family within his designated enumeration district and should not rely on hearsay or the like to complete his count. The six questions required to be completed by the census marshal in 1810 called for the name of the head of the family and the number of persons in each household of the following descriptions: Free White males of 16 years and upward; Free White males under 16 years; Free White females; All other free persons; and Slaves. The first census of manufactures also occurred in 1810. The 1830 census was the first to use standardized questionnaire forms. The census marshals were typically from the village or neighborhood and often knew the residents. Before enabling self-identification on the censuses, the US Census Bureau relied on local people to have some knowledge of residents. Racial classification was made by the census marshal in these decades, rather than by the individual.
 
Those persons of mixed ancestry (mestizos, mulattos, etc.) were recorded racially on the census based on the local census marshal’s understanding of local tax codes regulating such issues. Most southern states specifically required persons of Native American descent who were citizens, not living on reservation land, and subject to taxation, to be held for all legal purposes within the “all other free persons” bracket (1790 to 1810), the “free person of color” bracket (1820 to 1840), and finally as “Mulatto” (1850 to after 1900). Numerous legal and social issues impacted this requirement as tax regulations changed, person of Native descent challenged the classification in Court, and a stricter racially bifurcated society solidified during the prelude to the Civil War. The result was American Indians in southern states were likely to appear as “free whites”, “free persons of color”, or even as “Mulatto”. At no point before 1900 was an individual allowed to self-identify their racial status on the United States census. The identification of ‘race’ on these forms was simply a reflection of the individual’s local legal, voting, and taxation status.
 
1810 Sumter Census:
 
Household of Joseph Benenhaley…7 “all other free persons” [no age or sex recorded]
 
Household of John L Jolly…1 “free white male” [age: of 26 under 45]…1 “all other free persons” [non-white wife]
 
Household of Aaron Oxendine…5 “all other free persons” [no age or sex recorded]
 
Household of James Scott…8 “all other free persons” [no age or sex recorded]
 
Household of Isham Scott…7 “all other free persons” [no age or sex recorded] (James Scott’s brother)
 
Household of Isham Scott…5 “all other free persons” [no age or sex recorded] (Isham Scott Sr’s son)
 
Household of David Scott…15 “all other free persons” [no age or sex recorded]
 
1820 Sumter Census
 
Household of Joseph Benenhaley…11 “free white persons” [Males: Head of Household Joseph Benenhaley, son Lysender Benenhaley, son Francis Benenhaley, son Joseph Benenhaley Jr. Females: wife Elizabeth Miller, daughter Eliza Benenhaley, daughter Leo Cadea Benenhaley, wife of Lysender Benenhaley, Sarah Scott wife of Francis Benenhaley, daughter of Lysender Benenhaley.] 1 person employed in manufacturing.
 
Household of John L Jolley…3 “free persons of color” [Males: head of Household John L Jolly, son John J Jolly, females: wife of John L Jolly.]
 
Household of Aaron Oxendine…8 “free persons of color”  [Males: Head of Household Aaron Oxendine Sr, son Aaron Oxendine Jr, son William Oxendine. Females: wife Jane Scott, daughter Jane “Jinsy” Oxendine, daughter Mary Oxendine, daughter Miranda Oxendine, unknown daughter.]
 
Household of James Scott…5 “free persons of color” [Males: Head of Household James Scott, son James Scott Jr, son Stephen Scott. Females: (James’ wife already deceased by 1820), daughter Catherine Scott, daughter Jane Scott.]
 
Household of David Scott…8 “free persons of color” [Males: Head of Household David Scott, son Newman Scott, son Zade Scott, son Joseph A Scott. Females: wife Rebecca Scott, Newman’s wife, daughter Sarah Scott, daughter Martha Scott……2 slaves.]
 
 
1830 Sumter Census
 
Household of Elizabeth Miller Benenhaley (Joseph deceased before 1830)…7 “free persons of color” [Males: son Francis Benenhaley, son Joseph Benenhaley Jr, son Ferdinand Benenhaley. Females: Catherine Scott wife of Joseph Benenhaley Jr, daughter Eliza Benenhaley, daughter Leo Cadea Benenhaley, Head of Household Elizabeth Miller Benenhaley.]
 
Household of Aaron Oxendine…8 “free persons of color” [Males: Head of Household Aaron Oxendine Sr, son Aaron Oxendine Jr, son William Oxendine. Females: wife Jane Scott, daughter Jane “Jinsy” Oxendine, daughter Mary Oxendine, Martha Benenhaley wife of Aaron Oxendine Jr, daughter Miranda Oxendine.]
 
Household of James Scott…deceased before 1830
 
Household of David Scott…living in Kershaw County 1830.
 
 
1840 Sumter Census
 
Household of Elizabeth Miller Benenhaley…5 “free persons of color” [Males: son Francis Benenhaley, son Ferdinand Benenhaley. Females: Head of Household Elizabeth Miller Benenhaley, daughter Leo Cadea Benenhaley, son’s mother-in-law Charity Scott.]
 
Household of Lysender Benenhaley…3 “free persons of color” [Males: Head of Household Lysender Benenhaley, son Joel Benenhaley. Females: Unknown named wife of Lysender Benenhaley.]
 
Household of Joseph Benenhaley Jr…5 “free persons of color” [Males: head of Household Joseph Benenhaley Jr, son John W Benenhaley, son William H Benenhaley. Females: daughter , wife Catherine Scott.]
 
Household of John L Jolly…1 “free white male” [age: 50-59]…1 “free persons of color” female [age: 40-49]
 
Household of Aaron Oxendine…11 “free persons of color” [Males: Head of Household Aaron Oxendine Jr, brother William Oxendine, brother Larkin Oxendine, brother Richard Oxendine, father Aaron Oxendine Sr. Females: Wife Martha Benenhaley, mother Jane Scott, sister Jane “Jinsy” Oxendine, sister Mary Oxendine, sister Miranda Oxendine, sister Abigail Oxendine.]
 
Household of William Pitts…6 “free person of color” [males: 1 male under 10, 1 male 34-56. Females: 3 females under 10, 1 female 34-56.]
 
Household of James Scott…deceased before 1830…widow living with Elizabeth Miller Benenhaley.
 
Household of David Scott…2 “free persons of color” [Males: Head of Household David Scott. Females: wife Rebecca Scott.]
** Not positive David Scott was actually residing in Sumter during this period- possibly only counted as a land owner**
 
 
1850 SUMTER CENSUS
Household             name                              age   sex   race                occupation                        family sketch #
 
1225              Ellison, Reubin                       29     M     M
                      Miller, A.                                40     M     M                 Gin Maker
                      Buckner, John                         20     M     M                 Gin Maker                                    Bu1a
 
1237              Ray, James                                55    M    W                Planter                                           R1
                      Ferrel, Thomas                          17    M    W
                      Oxendine, Jane                          30    F     W                                                                      O1b
                                “    , Charles                     12    M    W  (nephew of Jane)                                        O1n
                           [Ray]  , Dolly                         5    F      W                                                                      R1e
                           [Ray]  , Virginia                     4    F      W                                                                      R1d
 
1259              Scott, Martha [Benenhaley]       50    F      M  (widow of Aaron Oxendine Jr)                 B1i
                         “    , Abigail                             24    F      M  (eldest daughter of Martha Scott)             S1c14
                      Oxendine, Richard                     18    M     M                laborer                                        O1g
                                “    , Abigail                      17    F     M                                                                    O1i
                                “    , Warren                      15    M    M                                                                    O1j
                                “    , Elefare                       11    F     M                                                                    O1m
 
1260               Oxendine, Jane [Scott]               80    F      M  (widow of Aaron Oxendine Sr)                S2d1
                                 “    , Maranda                    26    F      M                                                                   O1d
                                 “    , Larkin                        20   M     M                                                                    O1f
                                 “    , Michael                     18    M     M                                                                   O1h
                                 “    , Sarah                         14    F      M   (would marry John W Buckner)             O1k
                                 “    , James                        12    M     M                                                                   O1l
                                 “    , William                      2     M     M (son of Aaron Oxendine Jr)                      O1a6
 
                      Jolly, John J                                33    M      W                                                                  J1a
                           “ , Julia                                  30     F       W         
                           “ , Sarah                                 13    F        W                                                                 J1a1
                           “ , Julia Anne                         11    F       W                                                                  J1a2
                           “ , Mary                                   9    F        W                                                                  J1a3
                           “ , Margaret                             7    F        W                                                                  J1a4
                           “ , Emma                                 5    F        W                                                                  J1a5
                           “ , John J                                  1    M      W                                                                  J1a6
                      Jolly, Sarah                                 70    F       W   (mother of John J Jolly)
 
1284              Scott, Henry                                36    M      M                 laborer                                      S2d7
                      Oxendine, Mary                          30    F       M                                                                   O1c
                      [Scott]     , Washington               18    M      M                                                                   S2d7a
                      [Scott]     , Mary                          16    F       M                                                                   S2d7b
                      [Scott]     , Manning                    14    M      M                                                                   S2d7c
                      [Scott]     , Hasting                      12    M      M                                                                   S2d7d
                      [Scott]     , John                           10    M      M                                                                   S2d7e
                      [Scott]     , William                  2/12    M      M                                                                   S2d7f
1285              Pitts, William                          49     M     W                 Planter                                          P2
                        “    , Harriet                           39     F       W
                        “    , Thomas                          18    M      W                                                                      P2a
                        “    , Tabitha A                       16    F       W                                                                      P2b
                        “    , Jane                                12    F       W                                                                      P2c
                        “    , John                                 9    M      W                                                                      P2c
                        “    , William                            9    M      W                                                                      P2d
                        “    , Harriett                             4    F       W                                                                      P2e
                        “    , James                               2    M      W                                                                      P2f
 
1330              Benenhaley, Elizabeth [Miller]   70    F      M                                                                 
                      Oxendine, Washington                21    M      M  (grandson of Elizabeth)                           O1a2                                                        
                                “    ,  Isabella                      24    F     M   (granddaughter of Elizabeth)                   O1a2                                                                                                                       
                                “    , John                            10    M     M  (grandson of Elizabeth)                           O1a2                                                                                                                        
                                “    , Mary                             3    F     M   (granddaughter of Elizabeth)                   O1a2                                                       
                                                                
1331              Benenhaley, Francis                     48    M      M          Wheelwright                                    B1b
                                “       , Sarah [Scott]            35    F       M                                                                   S2d7
                                “       , James S                    19    M      M                                                                   B1b2
                                “       , John W                      7     M      M                                                                   B1b3
                                “       , Henrietta                   5     F       M                                                                   B1b4
                                “       , Francis W                 3     M      M                                                                   B1b5
                                “       , Elizabeth                   1    F        M                                                                   B1b6
 
1332             Benenhaley, Joseph [Jr]                 45    M      M            Planter                                           B1d
                                “      , Catherine [Scott]       35    F       M                                                                   S2d7
                                “      , William                     12    M      M                                                                   B1d1
                                “      , Thomas                     10    M      M                                                                   B1d2
                                “      , Elizabeth                     8    F       M                                                                   B1d3
                                “      , Randal                         5   M      M                                                                   B1d4
                                “      , Mary A                        4    F      M                                                                   B1d5
 
1335              Scott, Caroline                                29    F      M
                          “   , Laura                                     7     F      M
                          “   , Caroline                                4     F      M
 
1337              Deas, Wiley                                    52    M      W            Planter                                            W1
                           “ , Emerentha [Oxendine]          50    F       W      
                           “ , William                                 22    M      W            Laborer                                           W1a
                           “ , Jackson                                  20    M      W                                                                   W1b
                      Oxendine, Mary                              30    F       W                                                repeat of O1c above         
 
1353              Scott, Josiah                                    56    M     M                                                                   S3d
                          “   , Rebecca                                60    F      M
                          “   , Susanah B                             32   F      M                                                                    S3d1
                          “   , William C                             22   F      M                                                                    S3d2
 
1354              Scott, Isham                                    66    M      M           Planter                                            S3a
                          “   , Margaret                               48    F       M
                          “   , Margaret                               14    F       M                                                                   S3a4
 
 
1860 SUMTER CENSUS
Household             name                              age   sex   race                occupation                        family sketch #
 
598                Scott, Manning                       22    M    M                          Farmer                                  S2d7c
                          “   , May                              16    F     W
 
599                Scott, Newman                       80    M    M             
 
600                Pitts, William                          50    M    W                                                                      P1
                      Oxendine, Miranda                 40    F      M                                                                     O1d
                      Pitts, Jane                                18    F      M                                                                      P1c
                      Pitts, John                                16    M    M                                                                      P1a
                      Pitts, William                          16    M    M                                                                       P1d
                      Pitts, Lilla                                14    F     M                                                                       P1e
                      Pitts, Buck                               12    M    M                                                                       P1f
                      Pitts, Captain                             8    M    M                                                                       P1g
                      Pitts, Thomas                             6    M   M                                                                        P1h
                      Pitts, James                                4    M    M                                                                       P1i
                      Pitts, Jane                                   2    F     M                                                                       P1j
                      Pitts, (Infant)                           8/12   F    M                                                                      P1k
 
679                 Scott, Josiah                           66    M      M                                                                     S1c4
                           “  , Rebecca                        70    F       M      
                           “  , Susannah B                   42    F       M                                                                     S1c4a
                           “  , William C                     29    M      M                                                                     S1c4b
 
684                Scott, Isham                             76    M      M                                                                     S3a
                          “  , Margaret                         62    F       M                            
                          “  , Margaret                         25    F       M                                                                     S3a4
 
685                Scott, John N                            36    M      M                                                                    S3a1
                          “  , Elizabeth                         33    F       M                
                          “   , Benjamin                       14    M      M                                                                     S3a1a
                          “   , Isham                             12    M      M                                                                     S3a1b
                          “   , Daniel                            10    M      M                                                                     S3ac1
                          “   , John                                 8    M      M                                                                     S3a1d
                          “   , George                             6    M      M                                                                     S3a1e
                          “   , Margaret                           4    F      M                                                                      S3a1g
                          “   , Elizabeth                           2    F      M                                                                      S3a1f
 
686                Scott, Henry                              36    M      M                                                                      S2d7g
                           “  , Sarah                               22   F        M   
                           “  , Margaret E                       2    F        M
 
695                Johnson, James M                     40    M      M              Taylor                                      
                             “    , Eliza Ann [Ellison]     50    F       M
                      Buckner, John M                       27    M      M      (son-in-law of James Johnson)              Bu1a
                             “    , Jane   [Johnson]          25    F       M
                             “    , Henrietta A                   3    F       M       (youngest sister of John Buckner)         Bu1c
 
1006              Jolly, John J                             43    M     W               Farm Laborer                                   J1a
                          “  , Julia                                38    F      W  
                          “  , Sarah                               22    F      W                                                                       J1a1
                          “  , Anna                               20    F      W                                                                        J1a2
                          “  , Mary                               18    F      W                                                                        J1a3
                          “  , Maggie                           16    F      W                                                                        J1a4
                          “  , Emma                             14    F      W                                                                        J1a5
                          “  , John                                12    M      W                                                                       J1a6
                          “  , Henry                               9    M      W                                                                        J1a7
                          “  , Sumter                             7    M      W                                                                        J1a8
                          “  , Willie                               3    M      W                                                                        J1a9
 
1007               Jolly, Sarah                              78    F      W         (mother of John J Jolly)
 
1008               Benenhaley, Sarah [Scott]       40    F      M          (widow of Francis Benenhaley)            S1c11
                                 “       , Henry                  20    M     M              Day Laborer                                      B1b1
 
1009               Deas, Rentha  [Oxendine]        39   F      M          (widow of Wiley Deas)
                          “   , Saphronia                        60  F      W
 
1012             Benenhaley, Joseph [Jr]                 55    M      M            Planter                                            B1d
                                “      , Katie [Scott]              46    F       M                                                                    S2d7
                                “      , William                     25    M      M             Farm Laborer                                 B1d1
                                “      , Thomas                     23    M      M                                                                    B1d2
                                “      , Ellen                          22    F       M                                                                    B1d3
                                “      , Jocey                           1    M      M
 
1013             Benenhaley , Mary O                      20    F       M                                                                   B1d5
                                 “      , Randal                       18    M      M            Day Laborer                                  B1d4
                                 “      , Alice                          16   F        M                                                                   B1d7
                                 “      , Henry                         14   M      M                                                                   B1d13
                                 “      , Joseph (III)                12   M       M                                                                   B1d6
                                 “      , Julius                          10   M      M                                                                   B1d11
                                 “      , John                             8    M      M                                                                   B1d12
                                 “      , Betie  [Miller]             60   F       M    (Elizabeth Miller Benenhaley)      
 
1014             Benenhaley, Isabella [Oxendine]    40    F      M                                                                   O1h
                                “      , Joel                              35   M     M               Farmer                                      B1a1
                                “      , Magdalena                  14   F     M                                                                   B1a1a
                                “      , Elizabeth                     12   M     M                                                                   B1a1b
                                “      , Lucindy                       10   M     M                                                                   B1a1c
                                “      , John                              8    M     M                                                                   B1a1d
 
1015             Benenhaley , Ferdinand                   45   M     M                 Farmer                                       B1f
                                “      , Elizabeth   [Scott]        40   F     M                                                                   S2d6
                                “      , Warren                        14   M     M                                                                   B1f1
                                “      , Ben                              14   M     M                                                                   B1f2
                                “      , Mary                            12   F     M                                                                   B1f3
                                “      , William                        10   F     M                                                                   B1f4
                                “      , Louis                             8   M     M                                                                   B1f5
                                “      , Sammy                          6   M     M                                                                   B1f6
 
1016              Deas, William                                 35   M     M                                                                   D1a
                                “      , Sarah   [Benenhaley]   35   M     M                                                                   B1b1
                                “      , James                           16   M     M                                                                   D1a1
                                “      , Samuel                         14   M     M                                                                   D1a2
                                “      , Susan                           13   F     M                                                                    D1a3
                                “      , Judson                          10   M    M                                                                   D1a4
                                “      , Jane                                9   F     M                                                                   D1a5
                                “      , Anne                              8   F     M                                                                   D1a6
                                “      , Wiley                             3  M     M                                                                   D1a7
 
1028              Oxendine, Richard                          31    M    M                                                                  O1g
                               “     , Abigail         [Scott]      29     F     M                                                                  S1c14
                               “     , Mariah                            7      F     M                                                                  O1ga
 
1029              Oxendine, Michael                          30    M    M                                                                  O1h
                               “     , Tabitha         [Pitts]        28    F    M                                                                    P1b
                               “     , Martha J                          4     F    M                                                                    O1h1
                               “     , William J                        4    M    M                                                                     O1h2
                               “     , Henriett                      7/12    M    M                                                                     O1h3
                               “     , Jennie                          70    F    M    (Jane Scott Oxendine)                                 S2d1
 
 
 
1870 SUMTER CENSUS
Household             name                              age   sex  race                 occupation                        family sketch #
 
111                 Buckner, John W                     39      M    M                  Cotton Gin Maker                              B1a
                             “      , Sarah   [Oxendine]   35      F     M                                                                             O1m
                             “      , John W Jr                 6        M    M                                                                             B1a1
                             “      , Henry C                    4       M     M                                                                             B1a2
                             “      , Charles W                 2       M     M                                                                            B1a3
                       Benenhaley, Laurence              27     M     M                   Farm Laborer                                   B1a2
                                  “      , Laurendon            21     M    M                    Farm Laborer                                   B1a3
                                  “      , John                      16    M     M                   Farm Laborer                                   B1b3
 
115                 Buckner, Henry                        29    M     M                    Farm Laborer                                  Bu1c
                              “     , Patience                    25     F     M
                               “     , Marion                      2     M      M                                                                         Bu1c1
 
366                 Benenhaley, Thomas                 30    M    M                     Farm Laborer                               B1d2
                                  “      , Elefare [Oxendine] 28  F     M                                                                           O1m
                                  “      , William                   11  M    M                                                                          B1d2a
                                  “      , Randall                     9  M     M                                                                         B1d2b
                                  “      , Mary J                      7  F       M                                                                         B1d2c
                                  “      , Warren                     5   M     M                                                                         B1d2d
                                  “      , Martha                    1/12 F    M                                                                          B1d2e
 
367                 Benenhaley, Henry                       32    M    M              Farm Laborer                                   B1h
                                 “      , Dolly    [Ray]            25    F     M                                                                        R1c
                                 “      , Sally                          10    F     M                                                                        B1h2
                                 “      , Benjamin                    8    M    M                                                                        B1h3
                                 “      , Henry                         4    M     M                                                                       B1h4
                                 “      , Blanche                      1    F      M                                                                       B1h5
 
370                  Exum, Eugene                              28   M      W           Farmer                                              E1
                            “    , Mary M  [Oxendine]         22   F       W                                                                    O1a5
                            “    , James                                  3   M      W                                                                     E1a
                            “    , Joseph                                 1   M      W                                                                     E1b
                            “    , John                                    15  M      W                                                                    E1c
 
404                  Oxendine, Elizabeth [Benenhaley] 35    F    M      (widow of Warren Oxendine)                B1d3
                                 “     , Mitty                             12    F    M                                                                      O1k1
                                 “     , Sarah A                          9     F    M                                                                      O1k2
                                 “     , Robert                            3     M   M                                                                      O1k3
 
408                  Wray, Jinsy [Oxendine]                60    F    M                                                                       O1b
                             “  , Herbert                                14   M   M                                                                       R1g
            
409                   Benenhaley, Catherine [Scott]      55    F    M      (widow of Joseph Benenhaley Jr)           S2d7
                                   “       , Alice                         20    F    M                                                                       B1d7
                                   “       , Enoch                       18    M    M                                                                      B1d8
                                   “       , Joseph [III]               14    M    M                                                                      B1d6
                                   “       , Martha                      15    F    M                                                                       B1d9
                                   “       , Noah                         11    M    M                                                                      B1d10
 
410                   Oxendine, Charles                         29    M    M              Farm Laborer                                 O1n 
                                “       , Mary A [Benenhaley]   26    F    M                                                                      B1d5
                                   “       , James                          6    M    M                                                                      O1n1                        
                                   “       , Catherine                     4    F    M                                                                      O1n1                        
                                   “       , Martha                         3    F    M                                                                      O1n1                        
                                   “       , Camilla                        7/12 F    M                                                                    O1n1 
                      
412                    Deas, William                               45    M    W                                                                     W1a
                              “  , Sarah     [Benenhaley]         45    F     M                                                                      B1b1
                              “  , William Jr                            10   M    M                                                                      W1a7
                              “  , Mary J                                   8    F     M                                                                      W1a9
 
417                   Benenhaley, William                     35    M    M               Farm Laborer                                 B1d1
                                   “       , Elizabeth   [Scott]     37    F     M                                                                       S1c15
                                   “       , Rosa                           15   F     M                                                                      B1d1b
                                   “       , James                          12  M    M                                                                      B1d1c
                                   “       , William                     3/12 M    M                                                                      B1d1d